Long and Skew Path Articles
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The following article was published in the SWL publication "Proceedings of Fine Tuning" (1991).  It was later reprinted with permission in WWDXC's Top Band Anthology (1998).  Copyright 1991 by Bill Tippett.

Long Path and Skewed Path Propagation on the Lower Shortwave Frequencies

Above article in Russian (translation by Mike UA9CIR, in HTML format)

Comments about skewed paths in my article are consistent with those published by Carl Luetzelschwab K9LA in:

Skewed Paths to Europe On the Low Bands, CQ Magazine, Aug 1999. 

Both of these files may be viewed with

Also see Pacific Coast Salty Dog Antenna Test at the Force 12 Website...interesting story about 75/80M long path from the West Coast.